Hanumangarh carved out from Sriganganagar district and made a full fledged district of the state on 12th day of July, 1994.The district shares common boundaries with Haryana state in the east, Sriganganagar district in the west, Punjab state in the North and Churu district in the South.
Hanumangarh District is the 31st district of the Rajasthan in India. Rajasthani is the primary language spoken in this district. The headquarters of the district is located in the town of Hanumangarh
Hanumangarh is a flourishing town on the banks of river Ghaggar in northern Rajasthan. The district of Hanumangarh, earlier known as Bhatner also has a significant place in ancient history. Excavations revealed remains of human skeleton, unknown scripts, stamps, coins, utensils, jewellary, toys, statues, wells, bathrooms, fort, streets, markets etc.
The remains of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization were found here in the year 1951 and are kept at the national museum at Delhi and Kalibanga museum in the city.Apart from Kalibanga, there are 100 other places in the district where evidences of this old civilization have been found.
Hanumangarh is the northern most district of Rajasthan. Occupying an area of around 9656.09 sq km, the district is surrounded by Churu, Sri Ganganagar, Punjab and Haryana in the south, west, north and east respectively. The geographical coordinates of the district are 29° 5' to 30° 6' North latitude and 74° 3' to 75º 3' east Longitude.
The district has 7 sub-divisions or tehsils, which are Pilibanga, Tibi, Hanumangarh, Rawatsar, Bhadra, Sangaria and Nowar. The tehsils are divided amongst 3 Panchayat Samitis which are Hanumangarh, Bhadra and Nohar. The population of the district as per 2001 census is 1517390.
What to See In Hanumangarh
The Bhatner fort, built by Abhay Rao Bhatti has witnessed many important events of Indian history. Merchants from middle Asia, Kabul and Sindh used to pass from this area while going to Delhi and Agra for trade. Timur the lame has mentioned in his biography that he had never seen such a strongly built and secured fort in India.
The ancient fort situated on the bank of river ghaggar was built in year 295 by Bhupat son of king Bhati of Jaisalmer. Research reveals that famous Tarain war fought between Mohammed Gouri and Prithviraj Chouhan is present Talwara Jheel area of the district.
In year 1805, Emperor Soorat Singh of Bikaner captured Bhatner after defeating Bhatis. Since the day of his victory was Tuesday (known as the day of god "Hanuman"), he named Bhatner as Hanumangarh.
The "BHATNER DURG" [Fort] situated on Ghaghhar river bank at Hanumangarh constructed in year 295 by BHUPAT, son of king Bhati of Jaisalmer born in 90th generation of Sri Krishna dynasty, has witnessed so many important historic events of Indian history. Bhupat named this fort as BHATNER after his father.
Kalibanga is a town located at on southern banks of the Ghaggar river in Tehsil Pilibangan, between Suratgarh and Hanumangarh district.Kalibangan Archaeological Museum is one of the important places to be visited.
This site is as old as the Indus Valley cities of Mohenjodaro and Harappa. Kalibanga is situated around 20 km away from the city Hanumangarh. This city is famous for its item such as jewelery, utensils, toys and photographs of ancient cities.
this is an interesting archaeological site with remnants of the pre-Harappan and Harappan settlements. Archaeology at Kalibangan reveals that Rajasthan had been an important centre of the ceramic industry. The paintings on the ancient pottery from Kalibangan bear close affinity and resemblance with the Harappan designs.
To mark the Nohar visit of founder of Khalsa Panth and Tenth Sikh Guru, Sri Guru Govind Singh, this historic Gurudwara was built in the year 1730 in Nohar town of the district.
Temple of Mata Bhadrakali:
Built during the reign of Maharaja Ganga Singh Ji, Mandir Shri Bhadrakali Ji is situated at Hanumangarh in Rajasthan. It belongs to the Shakti sector of Hinduism and is dedicated to Goddess Bhadrakali.A mela is celebrated here on Chaitra 8 and 9. Thousands of pilgrims visit this temple during the fair days.
Sangaria Museum :
The museum of Sir Chhotu Ram is located at Sangaria. It is around 25 km away from the city Hanumangarh. This district headquarters is famous for its artifacts. The museum of Sangaria has collections of stone, clay and old coins, from different regions of the the country. It has a virtu of Goddess Parvati, a virtu of 'Tirthankar Shantinath' a Toran and Kamandal draw special diligence of the tourists.
Hanumangarh district is well connected with meter gauge rail routes with Jodhpur, Bikaner, Delhi and Chandigarh etc.
Hanumangarh Junction is a major railway station on Jodhpur-Bikaner-Kalka route; Sadulpur, Rewari, Jaipur, Sriganganagar, Anupgarh, Both meter gauge and broad gauge lines passes through this station. There is a Diamond-Railway-Crossing.The broad gauge started in the year of 1982 from Bhatinda to Hanumangarh to Suratgarh, and first train was flagged by Mr. Milkha Singh, erstwhile Guard 'A'. Hanumangarh is well connected by rail network to places like Ganganagar, Bhatinda, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaipur and other cities of Rajasthan.